Definition: A collection of items in which only the earliest added item may be accessed. Basic operations are add (to the tail) or enqueue and delete (from the head) or dequeue. Delete returns the item removed. Also known as "first-in, first-out" or FIFO.
Formal Definition: It is convenient to define delete or dequeue in terms of remove and a new operation, front. The operations new(), add(v, Q), front(Q), and remove(Q) may be defined with axiomatic semantics as follows.
Also known as FIFO.
Generalization (I am a kind of ...)
abstract data type.
Specialization (... is a kind of me.)
See also deque, stack, priority queue, first come, first served.
Demonstrations with dynamic array, fixed array, and linked list implementations.
If you have suggestions, corrections, or comments, please get in touch with Paul Black.
Entry modified 7 July 2014.
HTML page formatted Mon Feb 2 13:10:40 2015.
Cite this as:
Paul E. Black, "queue", in Dictionary of Algorithms and Data Structures [online], Vreda Pieterse and Paul E. Black, eds. 7 July 2014. (accessed TODAY) Available from: http://www.nist.gov/dads/HTML/queue.html