Definition: Given a set of demand points, a distance function, and a parameter p, find a set of p supply objects (points, lines, segments, etc.) which minimizes some distance objective function. The function may be the maximum distance between any demand point and the nearest supply, so no demand point is too far from a supply, or the sum of distances to the nearest supply.
See also capacitated facility location.
Note: Adapted from [AS98, page 428].
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Entry modified 17 December 2004.
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Cite this as:
Paul E. Black, "facility location", in Dictionary of Algorithms and Data Structures [online], Vreda Pieterse and Paul E. Black, eds. 17 December 2004. (accessed TODAY) Available from: http://www.nist.gov/dads/HTML/facilityloc.html