(classic problem)

**Definition:**
Given a set of demand points, a distance function, and a parameter p, find a set of p supply objects (points, lines, segments, etc.) which minimizes some distance *objective function*. The function may be the maximum distance between any demand point and the nearest supply, so no demand point is too far from a supply, or the sum of distances to the nearest supply.

**See also**
*capacitated facility location*.

*Note:
Adapted from [AS98, page 428].*

Author: PEB

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Entry modified 17 December 2004.

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Cite this as:

Paul E. Black, "facility location", in
*Dictionary of Algorithms and Data Structures* [online], Vreda Pieterse and Paul E. Black, eds. 17 December 2004. (accessed TODAY)
Available from: http://www.nist.gov/dads/HTML/facilityloc.html